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Enochians, Urban Essenes, Qumranites: Three Social Groups, One Intellectual Movement

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Chapter Summary

While contributing at large to the contemporary renaissance of Enochic studies, the Enochic-Essene Hypothesis has drawn attention specifically to two related, yet distinct phenomena, that is, "the Enochic roots of the Qumran community" and "the parting of the ways between Qumran and Enochic Judaism". A virtually ignored topic, such as the relationship between Enochians, Essenes and Qumranites, has quickly become one of the crucial issues in the research of Second Temple Judaism. In 2007 the Fourth Enoch Seminar at Camaldoli focuses on the book of Jubilees, which more and more appears to be the key text for understanding both Essene and Qumran origins, on the one hand, and on the other, the complex phenomena that led to and derived from the merging of Enochic and Mosaic traditions.

Keywords: Enochians; Enochic traditions; Mosaic traditions; Qumran community; Second Temple Judaism; urban Essenes



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