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II Definitions

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Chapter Summary

With the United Nations List of Protected Areas it is possible to classify many of the sites they verify within the following International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) six level criteria. Category I is divided into parts Ia and part Ib. Category Ia is designated as 'strict nature reserves'. The second division of category I is reserved for 'wilderness areas' which are classified as category Ib. Category II protected areas are classified as 'national parks'. Category III protected areas are designated as 'natural monuments. 'Habitat' is the key areas or factors of the environment, whether natural or modified, needed for species, either migratory, or static. According to the IUCN criteria, category V protected areas are protected landscapes and/or seascapes. Category V landscapes/seascapes represent 6.4% of all protected areas. Category VI areas are sites that are considered to be managed resources, utilized primarily for sustainable use.

Keywords: habitat; IUCN; national parks; natural monuments; strict nature reserves; United Nations List of Protected Areas; wilderness areas

10.1163/ej.9789004161580.i-320.14
/content/books/10.1163/ej.9789004161580.i-320.14
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