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IV Obligations and Gaps

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the historical progression of the obligation to create protected areas, with a focus on marine protected areas and transboundary protected areas. It further examines four different schemas and how each can be utilized to identify priority areas and meet international goals in spite of the current deficiencies in the system. Despite the broad obligations to create more protected areas, and the strong international support for this goal, there are clear gaps in the international framework of protected areas. This is most notable, at the thematic level, with regard to marine, mountain, dryland (and types of) forest protected areas. Some regimes have utilized a series of mechanisms, such as tentative lists, comparative and thematic analysis to help identify potential priority areas, and such analysis is often assisted by the schemas of the Udvardy system, hotspots, the Global 200 or notable areas of endemic species.

Keywords: Global 200 mechanism; marine protected areas; transboundary protected areas; Udvardy system



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