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VII Threats

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Chapter Summary

This chapter provides a framework, by which the primary threats to the protected area can be shown, and responded to by the governing international bodies in question. The integrity of the protected area may be threatened by at least 12 different threats. The first threat is permanent human populations. The second threat is non-permanent populations, and the third is alien species. Air pollution and climate change are the fourth threats. The fifth threat relates to inadequate or disrupted supply of water into a protected area, as most commonly evidenced with large dams. The sixth threat is mineral and/or hydro-carbon extraction and/or exploration. Traffic and routing and general industrial developments are the seventh and eighth. The ninth threat to protected areas is pollution. With regard to protected areas, war and conflict is often the primary facilitator for many of the problems.

Keywords: air pollution; alien species; climate change; human populations; hydrocarbon exploration; protected area; war; watter supply



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