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13 Life Histories And Livelihood Trajectories By Paul Hebinck, Wim Van Averbeke, Nomakhaya Monde, Lothar Smith And James Bennett

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on livelihood transformation within homesteads. It examines how, and why, rural livelihoods have changed over the past four to five decades and focuses on the nature and extent of processes of differentiation and the resources that have been critical in such processes. The life histories presented in the chapter more or less cover the period 1950 to 2004. The life histories also cover the homeland era, from the time when the Ciskei was pushed towards self-government and ultimately to nominal independence in 1981 until it was re-incorporated into South Africa in 1994. Analysis of the life histories provides an indication of the different directions in which the livelihood of homesteads in the two villages like Guquka and Koloni has changed. These different directions are called livelihood trajectories. The different life histories presented in the chapter focus on the livelihood of homesteads that remained in the two villages.

Keywords: Ciskei; Guquka; homesteads; Koloni; life history; livelihood trajectories; rural livelihoods



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