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6 Local Governance And Institutions

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on governance and institutions in Guquka and Koloni in relation to natural resources in terms of access, control and management. Considerable attention is given to changes in the local political organisation in relation to broader political change shortly before and after the first democratic elections in 1994. The chapter explores how individuals comply with or manoeuvre around formal and informal institutional arrangements to acquire and manage resources, and how status, power and networks, or lack thereof, results in unequal access to and control over resources and thus contributes to the shaping of local livelihoods. Among the important events influencing local governance and institutions in the two villages are the historical decline of the powers of traditional leadership and the rise to power of civic organisations. During the 1970s, Koloni’s influence on the Department of Agriculture waned as Ciskei progressed towards independence.

Keywords: Ciskei; civic organisations; democratic elections; Guquka; Koloni; local governance; traditional leadership



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