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11 Mobility And Population Dynamics

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Chapter Summary

This chapter analyses population dynamics and the shifts in homestead and family arrangements and address the processes that have shaped existing social-spatial relationships, whether kinship-related or not. It explores whether labour migration is the only factor that explains current social-spatial processes, or whether the ‘household’ is intrinsically characterised throughout time by continual changes in spatial, social and economic dimensions not necessarily related to migration of its members. To explore the relation between social processes and physical ones, the chapter examines the basic demography of the two villages (Guquka and Koloni), and the composition of the homesteads. An essential feature of village demography is the steady increase in population size. Recent demographic data available for the two villages show a dramatic decline in population numbers. Households have once again changed their configuration following the end of Apartheid, which ended restrictions on mobility, enabling villagers to choose where they want to live.

Keywords: Guquka; Koloni; labour migration; mobility; population dynamics; social-spatial relationships; village demography



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