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Resident Aliens, Expulsion, And Exclusion

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Chapter Summary

The town council's sentencing patterns in cases involving resident aliens demonstrate that fiscal concerns were not the only impulse driving banishment sentences. The local magistrates also used expulsion to purge the city of migrant laborers who threatened the respectability of the city or disrupted the peace. Given its overriding concern with protecting the sanctity of local marriages and the solidity of local households, the council sought to root out potentially destructive elements. In their effort to preserve social stability, the Ulmer magistrates sought to reintegrate enfranchised locals and expel disruptive aliens, thereby forcing marginal outsiders to endure the rigors of punishment. Adulterous servants, usually recent migrants from the city's hinterlands, were considered expendable, and usually faced banishment.

Keywords:banishment; expulsion; migrant laborers; resident aliens; sanctity of local marriages; social stability; sociospatial exclusion; solidity of local households; town council; Ulmer magistrates

10.1163/ej.9789004161740.i-156.16
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