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Chapter Summary

Sulaimaniya is located in the northeast of Iraqi Kurdistan, 221 miles from Baghdad. The Jews of Qaradagh allegedly dispatched to Sulaimaniya its first group of Jewish inhabitants. This tradition serves to illustrate that the relationships between the chieftains who built the town and the Jewish community were based on beneficial terms offered to the Jews who first settled in Sulaimaniya. Throughout the time, there have been two main groups of Jews in the city: Sulaimanis, i.e., original or long-time residents of Sulaimaniya and Qaradaghlis, i.e., migrants from the neighboring Qaradhagh. Several 19th centuries accounts describe the Jews of Sulaimaniya as a group that had a good social position in the city. In May 1919, the first Kurdish rebellion took place under the leadership of Shaikh Maḥmūd Berzenjī of Sulaimaniya.

Keywords: Jews; Kurdistan; Qaradaghlis; Shaikh Maḥmūd Berzenjī; Sulaimaniya



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