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Concluding Remarks

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Chapter Summary

This manuscript focuses on the Kurdish Jewish communities, mainly in the region of Iraqi Kurdistan during the first half of the 20th century, examining the relationship between the non-tribal Jewish subjects and protégés and their tribal aghas. In the tribal Kurdish society, Jews generally performed specific economic roles. In many aspects, both politically and economically, they were subjects of their aghas. In both rural and urban Kurdistan there were two forms of government: the official government and the tribal chieftains. The Jews thus faced two separate systems of authority, the most important of which was the tribal system. The manuscript examines the sets of relationships between aghas and the local authorities and the Jews in six urban centers, Zakho, Aqra, Dohuk, Amadiya, Sulaimaniya and Shino and discusses various accounts from more than two-dozen Kurdish villages.

Keywords: Jews; Kurdistan; Muslim; patronage; tribal society



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