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11. 'Erant Enim Sine Deo Uero': Iconoclash In Apocryphal And Liturgical Apostle Traditions Of The Medieval West

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Chapter Summary

As founders of the Christian church, the apostles are important protagonists of iconoclash in medieval narrative and liturgical traditions. The apostolic missionary activity after Pentecost is, in the case of most apostles, not described in canonical New Testament. However, extracanonical sources add to our knowledge of early Christian traditions on the founding work of the apostles. In this chapter comparison is drawn between apocryphal narratives on the one hand and liturgical sources on the other, with respect to the medieval Latin traditions. It focuses on the clash between the apostle as representative of the new, Christian religion, and forces that are represented as endangering that religion. Since the latter are usually presented in Christian texts as demonic powers, it seems fit to study the texts under consideration against the background of medieval traditions of demonology. This will enable us to depict a certain transformation in approaches to the demoniacal.

Keywords: apocryphal narratives; apostles; Christian traditions; demonic powers; demonology; Iconoclash; liturgical traditions; medieval Latin traditions



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