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Divine Sons: Aeneas And Jesus In Hebrews

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Chapter Summary

This chapter traces three continuities of portraiture between Aeneas in Augustan theology and Hebrews' Jesus. The divinely born Aeneas is presented as pious son, priestly son and founding son in Augustan theology and these categories are emphasized in Hebrews' depiction of its divine son, without consistent emphasis in the scriptures employed by that letter. All that remains in this foray into Hebrews' connection with Augustan theology is to observe that this Christian letter uses another people's master text, the Jewish scriptures, in order to portray the followers of Jesus the divine son as replacing the Jewish people. While it cannot be argued that Hebrews is intentionally referring to Virgil's Aeneid or other media of Augustan theology, it is clear that Hebrews employs categories ascribed to the divine son and that son's people that were current in Augustan theology of the first century.

Keywords: Aeneas; Aeneid; Augustan theology; founding son; Hebrews' Jesus; pious son; priestly son; Virgil



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