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The Two Thirteens: Romans And Revelation

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Chapter Summary

This chapter proposes a different approach to misappropriated texts in the Bible. It shows that each abused passage has in the Bible a clear counterpoint (Two Thirteens). These counterpoint passages balance the misappropriated passages, even in post-biblical times. The Curse of Ham text was used from the fifteenth century on as a biblical authorization of slavery of blacks and then segregation. Despite the overwhelming use of the text as a basis for governmental authority, most readers do warn that it doesn't apply to tyrannical states. Under such circumstances they may reject Romans 13 or appeal to the famous counter text: Revelation 13:1-4. The balancing system does allow the present day Christian to see biblical alternatives when they object to the use of the Bible to support racial prejudice, anti-Semitism, excessive ecclesiastical authority, subjugation of women, and a divine basis for governmental authority.

Keywords: anti-Semitism; counter text; Curse of Ham; Revelation; Romans; slavery

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