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Оypanoσ And Oypanoi In Matthew

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Chapter Summary

This chapter offers a new and different explanation for the plural uses of οὐρανός in Matthew. The examination of the plural forms of οὐρανός in the Septuagint and Second Temple documents makes clear that such forms were not very common in the literature preceding and even contemporary with Matthew. Author argues that Matthew intentionally uses singular and plural forms of οὐρανός in an idiolectic pattern. This pattern is part of a broader usage of heaven language throughout the Gospel and is one of the four elements of Matthew's stylized use of οὐρανός, all of which contribute to the overall theme of the contrast of heaven and earth. The chapter offers an alternative and comprehensive explanation for Matthew's frequent use of the plurals which eliminates the need to posit a multiple heavens cosmology for Matthew.

Keywords: οὐρανός; heaven language; Matthew; Second Temple documents; Septuagint



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