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Heaven And Earth In Matthew

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Chapter Summary

The combination of heaven and earth is very common throughout the Old Testament (OT) and Second Temple literature. In Jesus' teaching as presented by Matthew, the language of heaven and earth is very frequent and often serves to point out the contrast or tension that now exists between the realms of heaven and earth. The strong connection Matthew makes with Genesis through the recurrent use of heaven and earth language manifests his indebtedness to the OT traditions, while at the same time, his emphasis on the antithesis between God and humanity in a dualistic way shows his focus on the tension between the two realms as well as the eschatological goal of their reunification. This chapter catalogues and analyzes the many heaven and earth pairs in Matthew. It then discusses the Weltbild and Weltanschauung found throughout this Gospel and the connection of Matthew with Genesis.

Keywords: Genesis; heaven and earth; Jesus' teaching; Matthew; Old Testament (OT); Second Temple literature; Weltanschauung; Weltbild

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