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Chapter Summary

This is the introduction chapter of the book, which by focusing on patterns of Matthew's use of heaven and the heaven and earth motif will discover a key theme that pays rich exegetical and theological dividends for the understanding of the First Gospel. Part One is titled "Clearing Ground and Building Anew". It argues against current prevailing understanding of heaven as a reverential circumlocution in both the Second Temple literature and in Matthew. Part Two is titled "Matthew's Idiolectic Use of Heaven Language and the Theme of Heaven and Earth". The book examines four elements of Matthew's idiolectic use of heaven: 1) an intentional distinction in meaning between singular and plural forms of οὐρανός; 2) the frequent use of heaven and earth word pair as a theme; 3) regular reference to the Father in heaven/heavenly Father; and 4) the recurrent use of uniquely Matthean expression, βασιλείατω̑ν οὐρανω̑ν, "kingdom of heaven".

Keywords: heavenly Father; kingdom of heaven; Matthew; Second Temple literature



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