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Chapter Summary

The motives for the resistance to Kieft's war fall into two main categories: the desire for economic stability on the one hand, and moral and Christian scruples on the other. In writing the history of this period it has long been bon ton to disparage religious motives and focus only on economic issues. Despite De Vries's black legend of Kieft, all the sources indicate that in 1641-1643 the Twelve Men had in principle supported Kieft's reprisals. The peace with the Indians certainly did not solve all the problems of New Netherland. In the detailed indictment that Kieft dispatched to Dominie Bogardus on January 2, 1646 two different charges are intertwined. One concerns the character and actions of the minister, the other his stand in affairs of the colony. Finally, Bogardus's obstinate refusal of the Lord's Supper offers us a key to understanding the mental development of the colony.

Keywords: Christian scruples; De Vries; Dominie Bogardus; Kieft's war; Lord's Supper; New Netherland



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