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Summary Of Maimonidean Thought

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Chapter Summary

According to the popular version of Maimonides, God exercises providence over people in the sense that they choose to observe His commandments or to disobey, and He rewards and punishes them accordingly. Maimonides proved God's existence on the basis of Aristotelian physics. He proceeded to construct a theory of prophetic knowledge of the divine, which outranks philosophical knowledge. The prophet knows God's will, and on that basis arrives at the certainty that the world is created. Miracle expresses the directionality of that will in human existence. It comes to establish an ideal ethical-political social order, and thus originated the Torah that was given in the miraculous Sinai event, which is absolute testimony of divine providence. Maimonides's system is the most comprehensive and complete attempt to infuse Aristotelian philosophy into the domain of Torah thought.

Keywords: Aristotelian philosophy; God; Maimonidean thought; Sinai event; Torah thought

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