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Transformations In Aristotelian Philosophy

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Chapter Summary

During the controversy between Maimonides and his opponents there occurred a transition within the inner circle in the understanding of the Aristotelian philosophy itself, one that moved toward its resolution along the lines indicated by R. Joseph Ibn Kaspi on the one hand and R. Isaac Albalag on the other hand. Maimonides's Aristotelianism was based on the works of the Arab commentators on Aristotle Alfarabi, Avicenna, and Avempace. These philosophers, like Maimonides, tended to make a connection between philosophy and religion, and though Islam was the religion in question for these thinkers, they made Maimonides's project easier. This chapter points out an instructive parallel between the developments that occurred in this respect in Moslem and Jewish philosophies of religion respectively. It focuses on the one hand the increasing influence of Halevi among conservative Jewish philosophers, and on the other hand the increasing influence of Averroes's philosophical views on Maimonides's followers.

Keywords: Arab commentators; Aristotelian philosophy; Averroes philosophical views; Halevi; Jewish philosophies; Maimonides; Moslem philosophies



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