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Foundations Of Maimonides'S Theology

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Chapter Summary

For systematic reasons, one ought to start the discussion of theology with proofs for the existence of God. In connection with Maimonidean theology, one should emphasize that Aristotelian physics was not only the foundation of his proofs of God's existence, but of his discussion of God's nature. In Aristotelian epistemology, knowledge of an object is based on knowledge of its existential causes. Thus Maimonides made Aristotelian physics a necessary precondition for understanding the Torah's theology. One might indeed maintain that in the matter of proofs for God's existence, Maimonides bases himself directly and unqualifiedly on Aristotle. The first step in human thought towards understanding God is precisely the most radical negation: the determination that one cannot ascribe any positive divine attribute to God because God cannot be defined. Maimonides shows that it is impossible to define God, and it is impossible to ascribe any kind of attribute to Him.

Keywords: Aristotle; Maimonides theology; positive divine attribute



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