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2 An Overview Of The Schengen Co-Operation

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Chapter Summary

The Schengen accomplishment is phenomenal. It has established a large area of free movement involving a large number of people which is expanded further as new Member States join the EU. The challenge of striking a balance between security, legal immigration and individual protection especially for refugees and asylum seekers, however, still remains a pressing issue. It attracted severe criticism directed to the secret nature of the Schengen process, its undemocratic nature and lack of transparency, parliamentary and judicial control. This study now turns to and looks into detail at these issues by analysing the legal basis of Schengen and its relation to EU law. Finally, the question will be posed and answered as to whether the time is ripe for a post 11 September personal data protection regime which incorporates new safeguards that will meet the challenges of protection of individual rights in the new era.

Keywords: free movement; individual protection; judicial control; lack of transparency; legal immigration; Overview; parliamentary; Schengen Co-operation; security; undemocratic nature



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