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The Latin West And The Beginning Of The Homoian Crisis

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Chapter Summary

The anti-Homoian writings of two Latin theologians who offered rebuttals of the subordinationist theology contained in the Sirmium manifesto, is discussed. The witness of these two theologians, Phoebadius of Agen and Marius Victorinus, is important because they attacked Homoian theology from a classically Latin perspective. Their work reveals the ways that Homoian theology came into conflict with the Latin tradition, while at the same time it reveals areas where that tradition was unable to meet the Homoian challenge. The first surviving Western response to the publication of the Sirmium 357 creed came from the pen of Phoebadius of Agen. Phoebadius does not depart far from his traditional Latin heritage, relying heavily on Tertullian and Novatian to repudiate Homoian doctrine. Victorinus responds to the Sirmium 357 creed as a theologian formed by the same theological tradition that informs Phoebadius. Victorinus experiences the pressure that Homoian theology puts on that tradition.

Keywords: Homoian theology; Latin; Marius Victorinus; Novatian; Phoebadius; Sirmium 357; Tertullian



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