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Phases Ia/Ib

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Chapter Summary

Functional by the end of the 440s, the new system of Long Walls (Ia/Ib) was not tested until the Peloponnesian War broke out in 431. During enemy occupations, both temporary (431-425) and permanent (413-404), the fortified connection between Athens and its harbors was central to the Athenian war strategy. As Perikles had advised, the Athenians yielded Attika to the enemy, withdrawing from the countryside to the fortified urban complex. Safe behind the walls and the leading, at times the dominant, sea power down to the final stages of the conflict, they could both receive supplies and employ their navy abroad. Early on in the Dekeleian War, the Athenians abandoned the phase Ia Athens-Phaleron wall. Both before and after that development, the Long Walls (Ia/Ib) performed their function successfully, for throughout the Peloponnesian War the connection between Athens and its harbors remained intact.

Keywords:Athens; Dekeleian War; Long Walls; Peloponnesian War; Phaleron



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