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Phase II

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Chapter Summary

After 404 the Athenians were basically loyal to their Spartan conquerors. Since the old Athens-Phaleron Long Wall (Ia) was never rebuilt after passing out of use between 413 and 407 in Peloponnesian War, the phase II structures joined Athens exclusively with Piraeus. The new walls connecting the cities may have incorporated those parts of the phases Ia/Ib structures which had remained intact after 404. Once the Long Walls (II) were in place at the end of the 390s, their viability depended on the Athenians' fluctuating fortunes at sea. During short periods immediately after the completion of the walls and just before the demise of the structures in 337, Athens lacked the naval power which justified reliance on the walls connecting the asty with its harbors. In between those times of relative weakness, however, the Athenians were strong enough at sea to include the Long Walls (II) in their defensive planning.

Keywords:Athens; Long Walls; Peloponnesian War; Piraeus



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