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Phase IV

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Chapter Summary

In summer 307, Demetrios, son of Antigonos Monophthalmos, ended the regime of Demetrios of Phaleron and expelled Kassandros' Mounychia garrison. Determined to protect their newfound sovereignty and aware that Kassandros would attempt to reclaim the city, the Athenians renovated their defenses. The fortification program, completed in 304, included the fourth phase of the Long Walls. These newly restored structures were soon garrisoned for a short time by Demetrios Poliorketes, but thereafter they disappear from the historical record for over a century. In describing a military encounter between Philip V and the Athenians in the year 200, Livy refers to the Long Walls (IV), but by this time they had been abandoned. Archaeological evidence suggests that the structures were obsolete already by the mid-280s, while the historical circumstances show that neither the Athenians nor a foreign power would have employed them after ca. 290.

Keywords:Athens; Demetrios; Kassandros; Long Walls



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