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Chapter Summary

Built in the mid-fifth century, the first two Athenian Long Wall structures ran from Athens down to the harbor cities of Phaleron and Piraeus. Soon the Athenians added a third Long Wall. This structure, the Middle Wall, joined Athens with Piraeus, as did one of the original two Long Walls. To begin with the physical remains, the Long Walls shared similar basic characteristics through four major building phases spanning more than a century and a half. The Long Walls traversed the coastal plain between Athens and the Bay of Phaleron. Of the two phase Ia structures, one joined Athens to Phaleron, while the other ran from the asty down to Piraeus.

Keywords:Athen; Athenian Long Wall; Phaleron; Piraeus



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