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The Eu As An External Human Rights Actor

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Chapter Summary

With the European Single Act, the establishment of the European Union (EU) and the European Community (EC) in 1992 and subsequent modifications to the EU and EC treaties, the European integration agenda has broadened considerably and today covers in one form or another practically all areas of human activity. The EU grants trade preferences to third countries not only in the context of multilateral and bilateral trade agreements but also by autonomous legislative acts in the form of regulations. The instruments and mechanisms are governed by Community law under the Unions First Pillar. Human rights are also an important part of the Second Pillar or the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), and to some extent also the Third Pillar. The focus is on the CFSP, as the Third Pillar on police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters is predominantly concerned with internal EU developments rather than EU external relations.

Keywords: common foreign and security policy (CFSP); European community (EC); European Union (EU) treaties; human rights clause; Unilateral trade preferences



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