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Parliamentary Human Rights Mechanisms

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Chapter Summary

Parliament is the principal guardian of human rights, adopts the laws that enshrine human rights standards, and provides the legal framework for the judiciary to administer justice and uphold human rights and fundamental freedoms. This chapter examines how parliaments organise their work in the field of human rights, both nationally and internationally. It explores that members of parliament have a wealth of opportunities to promote and monitor human rights. With the growing interest of parliaments for the international dimension of human rights, small wonder that human rights figure prominently in the work of international parliamentary institutions. The Special Committee on the Human Rights of Parliamentarians which is the most advanced of the Inter-Parliamentary Union's (IPU) mechanisms for the defence and promotion of human rights, investigates complaints submitted to the IPU about human rights violations affecting members of parliament.

Keywords: Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU); parliamentary human rights mechanisms; Special Committee



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