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Bukhara And Samarkand

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Chapter Summary

Like any city, Bukhara and Samarkand are living organisms that are constantly undergoing processes of change and being enriched by them. For this reason they cannot be analysed as totalities in a general manner, but must be broken down into their three component parts: i) the building fabric, which includes the basic (residential) fabric and specialised (public and commercial) fabric; ii) movement, consisting of the routes and their hierarchical relationship to the building fabric, and iii) the nodes, or focal points, and and poles. In his essay, Heinz Gaube describes ninth century Bukhara in terms of the position of its gateways and main streets. The markets and commercial activities were concentrated to the south of the shahristan, where the caravans arrived, beyond the Narshakh-i Dar Bazar gate. The urban form of Samarkand is the result of a series of later transformations in the plan of the pre-existing spontaneous organism.

Keywords: building fabric; Bukhara; Heinz Gaube; Samarkand; shahristan



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