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Harar: The Fourth Holy City Of Islam

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Chapter Summary

It seems that Muslim shaykhs had been known in Harar prior to and during the time of Amda Seyon, the Christian Emperor of Abyssinia (1314 - 1344). After the reign of Amda Seyon, Harar became an important foothold for Islam which included the important port of Zayla on the Red Sea. The Egyptian Rauf Pasha, who had already taken Zayla and Berbera in 1870 after having conquered the Sudan, occupied Harar from 1874 to 1884. The city was taken by the Italians in 1936 and liberated in 1942. A second sequence corresponds to the former principal street, the street of the Emir, which leads into Harar by the Shoa entry. Nevertheless, the existing state of the urban and architectural fabric in Harar is pretty good, especially if one compares it to the Arab cities in the Islamic world. Also include discussions of &t;Faras Magala&t;, Makina Girgir&t; and &t;The Mosques&t;.

Keywords: Abyssinia; Amda Seyon; Emir; Islam; Rauf Pasha



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