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Pilgrimage City

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Chapter Summary

Of all the cities, not to mention extra-urban sites, that one could introduce under the topic of pilgrimage, this chapter focuses on the three pre-eminent cities of Muslim pilgrimage, Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem. And of the many ways that one could explore cultural ideas about pilgrimage cities, here the chief objective is to examine how these destinations were visualized for pilgrims and their families. The primary source of this inquiry is a corpus of eleventh- through early-fourteenth-century pilgrimage certificates that are characterized by a recurring visual programme which maps the principal sites of pilgrimage through immediately recognizable visual forms. In the final analysis, the visual language of these depicted sacred spaces - first known in scrolls and later continued in scrolls and also transferred to books - favors continuity in the face of change by retaining a diagrammatic conception which privileges abstraction as its primary mode.

Keywords: fourteenth-century; Jerusalem; Mecca; Medina; pilgrimage



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