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House And Fabric In The Islamic Mediterranean City

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Chapter Summary

This chapter seeks to describe the typological processes inherent in the evolution of the Mediterranean &t;Islamic&t; courtyard house with reference to the forces intrinsic to the building plot. With a few exceptions, the large majority of traditional urban Islamic fabrics adopt a type related to the enclosure. It discusses the complex problems found at the level of the aggregation of building types and the accumulation of the courtyard house into the characteristic Middle Eastern city. It begins the analysis of typological processes with the study of the rural version of the courtyard house. There are two types of rural buildings in the same enclosure: the residence and the annexes which include stables and a shed for tools and farming equipment. A peculiarity germane to the layout of a Venetian house is that it tended to remain unchanged over time due to the special building techniques required by its unique foundations.

Keywords: courtyard house; fabrics; Mediterranean; Middle Eastern city; Venetian house



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