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A. Tradition And Modernity In The Nineteenth Century. Modernization Of The Cities Of The Ottoman Empire (1800–1920)

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Chapter Summary

The Mediterranean of the nineteenth century was marked, first of all, by the rapid rise of western imperialism attested to by an intensification of the exchanges, especially economic ones, between the two shores. The chronology of secessions was inaugurated by Serbia at the very beginning of the nineteenth century (1804), and the Greeks, Valaks, and Moldovans followed suit in the years that followed. The second half of the nineteenth century was that of telegraph, roads, railways, and, within cities, of tramways, water supply, drainage networks, and the provision of energy through gas and electricity. Establishments classified as &t;unhealthy and dangerous,&t; cafes and drinking places, beggars, prostitutes, etc.-all these were obliged to exercise their activities in restricted zones determined by the legislator. This essay has attempted to demonstrate the point through examples in three modernization of the cities of the Ottoman empire.

Keywords: modernization; nineteenth century; Ottoman empire; western imperialism



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