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Chapter Three

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Chapter Summary

In this chapter, the author discusses the contribution made to the development and evolution of Islamic jurisprudence by al-Shafi and Dawud. Imam al-Shafi is considered by Muslims as the vindicator of traditionalism. According to the author, al-Shafi conceded to Abu Hanifah justication for qiyas as a legal source only insofar as it is based on written and orally transmitted sources. Dawud is generally described by his biographers as a fanatical follower of al-Shafi though he was brought up a Hanafite. Dawud's aim, although molded by al-Shafi's initiative, was to go beyond al-Shafi by banning qiyas as one of the legitimate sources of canonical legal deduction. The author states that the principle of ijma was recognized by the schools of Abu Hanifah, al-Shafi as well as Dawud. The author assumes that Dawud's followers enlarged on his teachings continuously and attempted and effectuated the completion of the Zahirite jurisprudence.

Keywords: Abu Hanifah; al-Shafi; Dawud; ijma; qiyas; Zahirite jurisprudence

10.1163/ej.9789004162419.i-227.10
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