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Chapter Eight

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Chapter Summary

This chapter records the rise and decline of Zahirite school, with a lot of emphasis on Ibn Hazm's contribution. Dawud's teachings are considered an independent system within orthodox Islam (madhhab mustaqill). The first spread of the Zahirite school occurred naturally in Iraq among the circles from which it originated. Later it spread to the rest of the Islamic World through its students. Countries of western Islam were the most fertile ground for the spread of these teachings. Ibn Hazm represents in his own time the Zahirite opposition against the prevailing Muslim orthodoxy. The representatives of the different dogmatic schools differ in their opinions with regard to the concept of ijma, faith. The author feels that it was Dawud's dogmatic leanings and principles which Ibn Hazm preserved and developed in his polemical work. The Zahirite school lost its independent importance after the time of Ibn Hazm.

Keywords: Ibn Hazm; madhhab mustaqill; Zahirite school

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