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Chapter Summary

The legal school is known in the theological literature of Islam as madhhab al-zahir or madhhab Dawud. The individual who adheres to its principles is called Zahiri or Dawudi; the school, as a whole, is called ahl al-zahir al-zahiryah. Even at the beginning of the last century, European orientalists still knew very little about the nature and tendency of the madhhab al-zahir. In more recent times, expert writers in the field, who have produced either comprehensive or specific works on the development of Islam, offer very limited comments on the theological school. An exhaustive presentation of the school, of its doctrine, and the position of its representatives within orthodox Islam has not appeared until now.

Keywords: madhhab al-zahir; ahl al-zahir al-zahiryah; Dawudi; European orientalists; Islamic theology; orthodox Islam; Zahiri



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