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Chapter Summary

The concept of the law-governed state originated as the Rechtsstaat in 19th century Germany and was introduced into Russia towards the end of that century. The Federal Assembly enacts "Federal constitutional laws" and "Federal laws" in relation to matters within the jurisdiction of the Federation. These laws have direct effect throughout the territory of the Russian Federation. The government is empowered to enact edicts on the basis of, and in implementation of, the Federal Constitution, Federal laws, presidential decrees of a normative nature and for their implementation. The Civil Code provides that generally recognised principles and rules of international law as well as the treaties of the Russian Federation are the "constituent part" of the Russian legal system. The Code of Civil Procedure also allows the court of general jurisdiction to apply norms of foreign law in accordance with the Federal Law or international treaties.

Keywords: 19th century Germany; Civil Code; Federal Assembly; foreign law; international treaties; presidential decrees; Russian legal system



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