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Capacity Building for Integrated Ocean Management: a Chinese Perspective

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Chapter Summary

Based on the definitions of integrated ocean management (IOM) and capacity building, this chapter discusses China's capacity building for IOM. It starts with an introduction to the evolution of international prescriptions on IOM and capacity building, followed by a description of China's social and natural context for ocean management. The overall organisational performance and functioning capabilities of the Chinese government for ocean management are illustrated through three selected areas. These are national experiences in institution building, the formation of its legal and policy framework, and participation in international cooperation. Major challenges facing China's capacity building for IOM are pointed out including legislative incompetence, institutional defects, and implementation inadequacy. The chapter concludes with suggestions for China to integrate its management organizations, promote sound participatory process, improve global involvement for better international support, adopt new management approaches, and enhance human resource development and personnel training.

Keywords: China's capacity building; human resource development; Integrated Ocean Management (IOM); international cooperation



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