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Ecosystem-based Fisheries Management in Iceland Implementation and Practical Considerations

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Chapter Summary

Managers and fisheries scientists providing advice have for many years discussed and argued definitions of an ecosystem-based approach to marine fisheries. In this chapter, some examples are given as to how such a concept has been exercised in Iceland under the single-species scheme. While it is important to study and define criteria under the scope of a holistic view of the marine ecosystem in its greatest complexity, a more simple approach may provide some steps forward. The chapter reports on such a pragmatic approach, involving consideration of assessment methods and bases for scientific advice, the effects of fisheries on discards of target and non-target species, the effects of fisheries on the physical environment and certain ecosystem components, multispecies considerations, and the effects of environmental changes on the target stocks. Later, it contributes to a more holistic ecosystem approach to the management of the fisheries and other ocean resources.

Keywords: ecosystem-based fisheries management; holistic ecosystem approach; Iceland; multispecies considerations; ocean resources



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