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The Swedish Congregation Of St. Petersburg: "Ett Tempel Till Dyrkande Af All Werldens Gud"

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Chapter Summary

Tsar Peter the Great was known for his tolerance in religious matters, so it should not be a cause for surprise that he promptly gave permission to two Finno-Swedish congregations to operate in the new city that was founded on the Neva in 1703: one conventional Evangelical-Lutheran congregation, and another was composed of prisoners-of-war. The regular congregation was a direct continuation of the Finno-Swedish congregation in Nyen and Nyen parish, which had existed since 1632. The congregation of Nyen had been subjected to the Swedish Crown, while the St. Petersburg congregation came under the Russian state. The building of a new church had been under discussion as early as the 1830s, in connection with the celebration of the church's 200th anniversary. St. Catherine's congregation was at all times the centre of the Swedish colony in St. Petersburg.

Keywords: Evangelical-Lutheran congregation; Nyen parish; Russian state; St. Catherine's congregation; St. Petersburg congregation; Swedish congregation



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