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Angolan cities: Urban (re)segregation?

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Chapter Summary

The general factors identified in the analysis of the cities of the south are the rapid population growth, the prevalence of poverty and weak socio-economic development. New social enclaves are created in cities like Ondjiva, Lubango, Luanda, Lobito and Benguela. The musseques are always regarded as one of the most serious problems which have accompanied the cities emergence and growth. There were urbanised centres, where services and the administration were located and which the population of European origin mainly inhabited. The native population and the migrants of rural origin lived in the peripheral zones of the cities. With the independence of Angola from the Portuguese, the inhabitants of the peripheral districts occupied the abandoned buildings. In Angolan cities, colonial socio-spatial configurations created an economically more favoured population corresponding to the urbanized areas, whereas the peripheries remain where the poorer and excluded sections of the population localise and socialise.

Keywords: Angolan Cities; Benguela; enclaves; Lobito; Luanda; Lubango; musseques; Ondjiva; Portuguese; Urban



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