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Leo Of Chalcedon, Euthymios Zigabenos And The Return To The Past

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Chapter Summary

The case of Leo, Metropolitan of Chalcedon immediately followed upon the downfall of John Italos. In the course of challenging the emperor's authority over the church Leo produced a relatively poorly constructed theology of the image that sought to defend the problematic possibility that one might adore an icon. This chapter examines Leo's own definition of the icon and shows that the responses he provoked led to a re-assertion of the authority of the ninth-century iconophile fathers for defining the question of images in Komnenian Byzantium. He will, therefore, allow us to return to the theological understanding of the icon formulated by the iconophiles of the ninth century. Euthymios Zigabenos, a court theologian, introduces a relational model to define more precisely how an icon and its subject are linked. He introduces the notion of the icon as a mirror that was found in Theodore of Stoudios's letter to Platon.

Keywords: Euthymios Zigabenos; iconophiles; John Italos; Komnenian Byzantium; Leo of Chalcedon



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