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Chapter Summary

This bibliography contains a list of reference books and articles relevant to studies of the icon in Byzantium. While the theory of the icon in Byzantium was governed by a logical understanding that had limited painting to the visible alone, the four authors struggled with this constraint. Symeon the New Theologian, driven by a desire for divine vision, chose, effectively, to disregard the icon. Michael Psellos used a profound neoplatonism to examine the relationship between an icon and miracles. Eustratios of Nicaea followed the logic of painting to the point at which he could clarify a distinction between painting from theology. Leo of Chalcedon attempted to describe a formal presence in the divine portrait of Christ.

Keywords: Byzantium; Eustratios of Nicaea; icon; Leo of Chalcedon; logic of painting; Michael Psellos; neoplatonism; Symeon; theology



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