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The Languages That Paul Did Not Speak

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Chapter Summary

In Acts 14, Paul and Barnabas, on the first missionary journey are recorded as entering first Iconium, and then two other cities of Lycaonia, Lystra and Derbe. There have been a number of studies that have examined it in terms of the cults to Zeus and Hermes that may have existed in the area. The use of vernaculars other than Aramaic is an important factor that often is not taken fully into account when considering the first-century Greco-Roman world in which Paul lived. In the course of the last century, the importance of Hittite and its related languages, including Luwian, has been established, to the point where this group of Indo-European languages-the Anatolian group- provides the framework for further discussion of the local languages of Anatolia. This chapter purposes to open up discussion regarding the epichoric languages of Anatolia.

Keywords:Anatolia; Aramaic; Barnabas; Greco-Roman world; Hermes; Indo-European languages; Luwian; Lycaonia; Lystra; Paul



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