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Civil Violence And The Initiation Of The Schism

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Chapter Summary

The issue of violence and, more precisely, of civil violence stands prominently in the history of the Great Western Schism. Details of the 1378 election are covered in several monographs, but quite often, historical exactitude disappears behind propaganda. Even before his death, Pope Gregory XI foresaw the violence that could plague the election of his successor and acted preemptively to validate any election. Anti-Gallican feelings accompanied the chants of the Roman mob during the novena and first night of the conclave. But actual actions were limited. The plunder of the popes pantry and cellar during the first night of the conclave did not prevent the so-called first election of Urban VI the following morning. This chapter only poses a few surveyor's staffs to delimitate the boundaries of a complicated terrain.

Keywords: anti-Gallican feelings; Civil Violence; Great Western Schism; Romans



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