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Child Slavery And Slavery-Like Practices

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Chapter Summary

Among the worst forms of child labor that have been identified as priority areas by the International Labor Organization (ILO) are practices analogous to slavery. This chapter examines the historical evolution of international norms against slavery and forced labor. It also examines the legal status of the prohibition on slavery as a customary norm of international law and possibly as an erga omnes obligation or a norm of jus cogens, and the implications for the elimination of child labor, particularly in light of the International Law Commission (ILC) Articles on State Responsibility. Provisions of international law relating to the prohibition on slavery include both slavery itself and slavery-like practices or practices similar to slavery. Bonded labor is a slavery-like practice resulting from indebtedness. The creditor/employer offers loans in exchange for labor, often that of the child or children of the debtor.

Keywords: bonded labor; child slavery; forced labor; International Law Commission (ILC)



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