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The Makran-Baluch-African Network In Zanzibar And East Africa During The XIXth Century

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the role played by the Makran-Baluch tribes during the XIXth Century's sub-Saharan East African apogee with the Omanis and the influence on social, political and economic level giving special attention to slavery. In the Indian Ocean religious elements, such as Hinduism in India, Buddhism in the Malaysian-Indonesian Archipelago, and the spread of Islam strongly influenced and modified the concept and use of slavery. African slaves were imported in great numbers annually from East Africa to Oman. Those enjoying more privileged conditions were the domestic slaves. Another important item destined to change deeply the hinterland power balances was represented by firearms. French at the start of the XIXth Century, introduced cloves onto the island of Zanzibar. During the XIXth Century, the growing effectiveness of British measures aimed at abolition, caused a reduction in the availability of African slaves.

Keywords:British; East Africa; French; Indian Ocean; Islam; Makran-Baluch; Omani; slavery; sub-Saharan; Zanzibar



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