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Identifying Africans In Asia: What’s In A Name?

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Chapter Summary

This chapter draws attention to the different terms used for Africans in Asia. In the Middle East, Africans were referred to as Takruni, Sambo, Abid and Mawalid. Africans in Asia have also been known as Cafre, Caffre, Caffree, Kafara, Kafra, Kaphirs, Khafris, Kafirs, Kaffrs, Kapiris, Kapilis and Hapris. Seedee, Seede, Scidee, Scidy, Sciddee, Seydee, Sheedi, Sidi, Sidy, Siddi, Siddy and Sidhi are terms used for Afro-Indians and Afro-Pakistanis. In Pakistan, people of African descent are called Makrani, Dada, Syah, Gulam and Zangibari. Africans are called Chaush in India. African migrants to Indonesia were part of the Dutch colonial regime. They were called Orang Belanda Hitam. Mulatto was a Spanish and Portuguese term, which means 'a person of mixed African-European' heritage. When historical documents refer to slaves and freed slaves, their ethnicity is not specified. Some names used for Africans in Asia reveal information about their origins while others conceal them.

Keywords:Africans; Afro-Asians; Afro-Indians; Asia; freed slaves; India; Indonesia; Pakistan; Portuguese



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