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3 Kingdoms Compared With Similar Rewritten Compositions

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Chapter Summary

3 Kingdoms (1 Kings) poses a greater challenge for the researcher than the other three books of the Greek Kingdoms (1-2, 4 Kingdoms). The many problems discussed over the past half-century relating to the kaige-Theodotion revision in 2 and 4 Kingdoms and the evaluation of the Hebrew text of 1-2 Samuel in the wake of the Qumran discoveries are very complex. However, they are less complicated than the evaluation of the Greek text of 1 Kings. From the many studies published in the past half century it has become clear that there is no consensus concerning the evaluation of that version. This chapter compares the rewriting techniques in the Greek 3 Kingdoms with Qumran compositions. The analysis of 3 Kingdoms suggests that this Greek translation rendered a Hebrew composition that reworked 1 Kings.

Keywords: 3 Kingdoms; Greek Kingdoms; Hebrew text; kaige-Theodotion revision; Qumran; Samuel



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