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“In Adam”: 1 Cor 15:21–22; 12:27 In Their Jewish Setting

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Chapter Summary

Paul contrasts Adam with Christ twice in 1 Cor 15. The context in both passages is the resurrection, but the nuances of the contrast between Adam and Christ are rather different in each. Another passage in which Paul addresses the topic of Adam and Christ is Rom 5:12-21. The relationship between Adam and Christ varies significantly in each of these passages. Both, however, have their source in contemporary Judaism, to which Paul gives a peculiar christological twist. This chapter deals with the first passage in 1 Cor 15. The two passages referring to Adam and Christ in 1 Cor 15 share the conception that Christ is "life giving", in contrast to Adam in the context of resurrection. However, the differences between the two passages in this chapter are substantial. The ontological contrast of Adam and Christ scarcely fits Rom 5:12-21 and should not be read into 1 Cor 15:21-22.

Keywords: 1 Cor 15; Adam; Christ; Judaism; Paul



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